NEST Syllabus 2022 | National Entrance Screening Test Syllabus 2022

NEST Syllabus 2022 | National Entrance Screening Test Syllabus 2022National Entrance Screening Test 2022 Syllabus is given below you can download as well as post and download NEST Syllabus pdf NEST Syllabus 2022

NEST Syllabus 2022

NEST Syllabus 2022 Biology:

Cell biology: cell theory and cells as units of life. Basic Concepts of Biomolecules – Proteins,
Carbohydrates, lipids, nucleic acids. Cell study tools and techniques – use
Microscope and calibration (microscopy), Elements of a microscope. Biomembrane –
Transport mechanism, cellular respiration. Cell organelles – structure and function.
Discovery and structure of DNA, Process of replication, Transcription, Genetic code and
Translation. Principles of basic techniques in molecular biology. Enzyme-catalysis,
Kinetics, activation energy, competitive and non-competitive inhibition.
Genetics and Evolution: Fundamentals of Genetics and Evolution. evidence and theory
of biological development. Organization of heredity material in chromosomes. balancing
the division. less division. Compare and contrast mitosis and meiosis. importance of
Mendel’s laws of inheritance in meiosis. Linkage discovery, sex-linked inheritance.
crossing-over, the stage at which the crossing-over occurs. Neurospora genetics. mutation –
Discovery, types of mutations, and mutations in diploids. The role of mutation in evolution.
Explain Mendel’s laws of inheritance. Monohybrid or dihybrid crossing. Human
Genetics – Human chromosomes, sex-determination, sex-linked inheritance.
Ecology: Physical and biological factors affecting living organisms. food chain pyramid
numbers and biomass. biological balance. Interspecific Association. Biodiversity. Flora
and living beings. Basics of Microbial Systems, Ecosystem.
Man and the Environment: Soil, Rainfall, and Temperature in the Natural Context
Resources. Our natural resources – their use and abuse. environmental pollution and
Preventive Measures. Biodiversity and conservation.
Biotechnology: principles of recombinant DNA technology. Applications of Biotechnology.
biology of animal systems NEST Syllabus 2022
Digestive system – methods of nutrition. Various vitamin compounds and their deficiency.
structure of the alimentary canal and associated glands, digestive enzymes and
Gastrointestinal hormones. Digestion, peristalsis, absorption of products of a balanced diet.
Respiratory system – gaseous exchange in animals. structure of the respiratory organs,
Respiratory system, gaseous transport, tissue respiration. NEST Syllabus 2022
Communication system – open and closed system. Blood and functions of 1ymph.
The microscopic structure of blood and blood vessels. Structure and function of the heart.
The distribution of arteries and veins. circulation of blood coagulation. blood group.
Excretory system – elimination of nitrogenous waste. osmoconformers and
Osmoregulators Structure and function of renal tubules. emission system
Organ.
Nervous System – General description of the brain, spinal cord, and nerves. retroactive verbs (simple
and air-conditioned). sense organs (eyes and ears).
Reproductive system – sexual and asexual reproduction. general order and
Functions of reproductive organs.
Developmental biology: basic features of development in animals. types of eggs,
Fertilization, cleavage, blastula. Stem Cells- Definition, Types, Uses, Benefits and
Damage, induced pluripotent stem cells. different hormones and their
roles. Diversity of animal life – principles of classification, binomial nomenclature.
General classification of animal phyla by classes (invertebrates) and sub-classes.
General characteristics of the order (vertebrae), fishes, amphibians, reptiles, birds and
Mammals

NEST Syllabus 2022
Immunology: basics of the immune system and diseases- active and passive immunity, Tund B-cell responses, antigen presentation, principles of vaccination, monoclonal
Antibodies and their uses, Immunology of AIDS.
Biology of Plant Systems: Anatomy and Physiology of Plants – Meristems. plant growth and
Development. Internal and external regulators of growth and development in plants. Plant
Reproduction. Root, stem, secondary growth, and internal structure of leaves. xylem and
Phloem – their cell elements and functions. The internal structure of dicot and monocot leaves.
Photosynthesis – History, Significance, Factors and Mechanisms, Stomata System,
Transpiration and respiration. Comparative study of dicot and monocot anatomy.
Absorption and cell-water relationship, Transport of water and minerals, Tropics and Turgor
movements. Importance of life-cycle with special reference to alternation
genera as exemplified in Funaria, Selaginella, and Pinus (no anatomical description). Plant
Hormones. NEST Syllabus 2022
Systematics: Principles of Classical and New Systematics. binomial nomenclature. Introduction
plus tax. Plant reproduction and tissue culture. NEST Syllabus 2022

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Chemistry:

chemistry: NEST Syllabus 2022
physical Chemistry:
Measurement in Chemistry – SI units for fundamental quantities, insignificant figures
Calculation.
Mole Concept – Avogadro Number and Mole Concept, Molar Mass, Mole Fraction,
Molarity, molality, percentage composition, stoichiometry. Equal weight and normality.
Calculations based on mole concept and stoichiometry of various reactions. oxidation-
low reactions.
Gaseous and liquid states – the absolute scale of temperature. gas law, ideal gas equation,
Real gases and deviation from ideality, Liquefaction of gases, Van der Waals equation.
Kinetic theory of gases; mean, root mean square, and most likely velocity and
their relationship with temperature. Law of partial pressure. vapor pressure. spread of
gases.
Atomic Structure and Chemical Bonding – Bohr Model, Spectrum of Hydrogen Atom,
quantum numbers. Wave-particle duality, de Broglie hypothesis. Uncertainty principle.
Orbitals and Quantum Numbers; Size and energy of s, p, and d orbitals. electronic
Configuration of elements (up to atomic number 36), filling of orbitals – Aufbau principle.
Pauli’s exclusion principle and Hund’s rule. Hybridization involves s, p, and d orbitals. NEST Syllabus 2022
atomic orbital overlap and chemical bonding; ionic, covalent, and coordination bonds; deeply concerned
parameter. Orbital energy diagram for homonuclear diatomic species. Lewis Structures. NEST Syllabus 2022
Hydrogen bonding. Polarity, dipole moment (qualitative aspect) in molecules. VSEPR Principle
and the size of the molecules. Valence Bond Theory. Molecular Orbital Theory of Homo-Nuclear
diatomic molecule (qualitative idea). NEST Syllabus 2022
Thermodynamics – the states of thermodynamics. The first law of thermodynamics. internal energy,
Work and heat, pressure-volume work. Enthalpy and enthalpy change, Hess’s law, the heat of
– Reaction, fusion, and vaporization. The second law of thermodynamics, entropy, free energy,
The test of ease.

National Entrance Screening Test 2022  Syllabus

Chemical Equilibrium – Laws of chemical equilibrium, Law of collective action. balance
Constant – Factors affecting the equilibrium constant and its applications. le chandeliers
Principle – Effect of concentration, temperature, and pressure. G and G. importance of
Relationship of K and G in chemical equilibrium. ionic balance. acids and bases
(Brasted and Lewis concepts), Salts. Ka, Kb, Kw, degree of dissociation, pH, and their
relationships. Solubility product, common ion effect. Hydrolysis of salts. resistant solution. NEST Syllabus 2022
Electrochemistry – redox reactions and electrode potentials, electrochemical cells, NEST Syllabus 2022
Galvanic cells and cell reactions. Standard electrode potential. Nernst equation and its
G and K. Electrochemical series concerning the emf of galvanic cells. electrolysis and
Faraday’s laws of electrolysis. Electrolytic Conduction, Specific, Equivalent, and Molar
Conductivity, Kohlrausch’s law. concentration cells. battery (primary and secondary),
Fuel cells, corrosion. NEST Syllabus 2022
Chemical Kinetics – Rates of chemical reactions. The order of the reaction, the rate constant. First
Order and pseudo-first-order reactions. Factors affecting the rate of reaction – concentration,
Temperature (Arrhenius equation), catalyst. NEST Syllabus 2022
Solid State – Solid, Amorphous and Crystalline Solids, Classification of Crystalline State,
crystal lattice and unit cells; Seven crystal systems (cell parameters a, b, c, α, β, ), close to
Packed structure of solid (cube), packing in fcc, bcc, and hcp lattice. packing
Efficiency, Nearest Neighbor, Ionic Radius. Simple ionic compound, incompleteness in solid,
point fault. Electric and magnetic properties, band theory of metals. NEST Syllabus 2022
Solution – A solution of a solid and a gas in a liquid. the concentration of the solution. ideal and non-ideal
Solution. colligative properties. Vapor pressure of a solution, Raoult’s law. molecular weight
Determination of vapor pressure reduction, boiling point elevation, and depression
Why freezing? Abnormal molecular mass, not Hoff factor. osmotic – osmotic pressure, NEST Syllabus 2022
reverse osmosis. NEST Syllabus 2022

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Surface Chemicals:
(a) Adsorption – Physical adsorption and chemistry. factors affecting the adsorption of
Gases on solids. Adsorption isotherm. catalysis – homogeneous and heterogeneous,
activity and selectivity. Enzyme Catalysis.
(b) Colloidal states – Types, preparation, and properties of colloids. Tyndall effect,
Brownian movement, electrophoresis, coagulation. Application of colloids. micelles.
inorganic Chemistry

NEST Syllabus 2022

Classification of Elements and Periodicity in Properties – Modern Periodic Table,
Classification of Elements, Periodic Trends in Properties of Elements – Valency, Oxidation
state, atomic/ionic radius, ionization energy, electron gain energy, electronegativity,
Valency, chemical reactivity. Diagonal relationship. Odd behavior of Lee, B, B, C. NEST Syllabus 2022
Hydrogen – Isotopes, preparation, isolation, properties, and uses. hydrides – ionic, covalent, and the middle one. Properties of water and heavy water. hydrogen peroxide – preparation,
Structure, reaction, use. Hydrogen as a fuel cell. NEST Syllabus 2022
S-BLOCK Elements (Alkaline and Alkaline Earth Elements) – General Characteristics and Trends
in qualities. NEST Syllabus 2022
(a) Group 1: Preparation of alkali metals, with emphasis on properties and reactions
Chemistry of Na and K and their compounds – oxides, peroxides, hydroxides, carbonates, NEST Syllabus 2022
bicarbonate, chloride, and sulfate. uses. NEST Syllabus 2022
(b) Group 2: Preparation, Properties, and Reactions with Alkaline Earth Metal Thrust
On the chemistry of Mg and Ca and their compounds – oxides, peroxides, hydroxides,
Carbonate, bicarbonate, chloride, and sulfate. uses. NEST Syllabus 2022
P-block elements – general characteristics and trends in properties. NEST Syllabus 2022
(a) Group 13: Chemistry of boron and its compounds – borax, boric acid, and diborane.
(b) Groups 14, 15, and 16: Chemistry of carbon, sulfur, nitrogen, and phosphorus. Allotropy.
The chemistry of the oxides and oxic acids of these elements. phosphine, phosphorus chloride,
ammonia, peroxide, and ozone; Silicon, silicon tetrachloride, and silicate.
(c) Group 17: Chemistry of halogens, Chemistry of chlorine in detail. interhalogen
Compound. Oxy acids of HX and halogens. NEST Syllabus 2022
(d) Group 18: Isolation, properties, and reactions of inert gases are emphasized
Chemistry of Xenon.

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D-block elements – (mainly 3D elements) General characteristics and trends in properties.
The variable Oxidation States and their Stabilities, Colors (Except for Electronic Details)
transition) and the calculation of spin-only magnetic moments. stimulating properties.
Interstitial compound, alloy construction. Preparation and properties of potassium
Dichromate and Permanganate.

NEST Syllabus 2022
General characteristics and trends in f-block element- (mainly lanthanides) properties.
Variable oxidation state. Lanthanide contraction and its consequences.
Coordination Compounds – Nomenclature of mononuclear coordination compounds.
Symmetry. Hybridization and geometry of mononuclear coordination compounds.
magnetic properties. Werner’s Principle, VBT, CFT.
Metals and metallurgy – the phenomenon of metals. Common methods of extraction include
Chemical principles – thermodynamic, electrochemical, and redox principles. Mango
Operation steps involved in metallurgical operations. metallurgy of p-block element
(emphasis on al). Metallurgy of the Fe-triad (more emphasis on Fe metallurgy). metallurgy of
Coinage metals (with more emphasis on Cu, Ag, Cu). purification.
organic Chemistry

 

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